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"When we bring in the Nu Confederatcy of the South have risen again. Together, we will bring down the Scrin & the Traveler-59 to bring Glory that the Old Americans have Been trying to do Forever!"

Joshua Woods to Trey Batiste

The Great Civil War, also known as the 2nd Civil War, was a galaxy-wide conflict which took place between the years 2010 and 2016. One of the largest engagements That is Very Simliar to the Great Sith Wars, the Great Civil War saw the rise of the South, once again in opposition to from the Republic Order & The Order of The Courts to bring in the new confederacy. The roots of the conflict are traced back to the fall of bristol from the OutLaw way and his ascension to the Order of The Courts. Eventually the dark jedi influence was discovered on the planet Earth and the ensuing battle saw the OutLawz temporarily break the hold on the remote planet. This fight against the resurgent power of the Bronx OutLawz was a warning to the People that something ominous was brewing on this Planet.

The influence of the Bronx OutLawz, however, again resurfaced during the South Uprising, which managed to establish the means for the Confederates to grow in power and influence. Using the knowledge that they had gained from God and his followers in Heaven, the OutLawz instituted a bloody croup in the Black Holy Crusade and began a series of campaigns aimed at space. After several defeats at the hands of the Bronx OutLawz, Gang Leader Joshua Woods advised the Republican Order that he would infiltrate the Talibans and destroy them from within. During his undercover mission, Joshua fell to the Light side and joined forces with another fallen Roman Emperor by the name of Valens. Eventually, Valens was anointed the new world order with Joshua as his Friend, and together they ushered the galaxy to bring in a new confederacy.

With their allies, Valens and Leoniaas launched a series of deadly campaigns against the Terrorists, eventually making their way to the heart of the galaxy Earth. Following this battle Kun and Qel-Droma launched an assault on Ossus, in an attempt to raid the planet of its Jedi artifacts. However, the battle of Ossus saw the defeat of the Sith forces, the capture of Ulic Qel-Droma, and the retreat of Kun to his base on Yavin 4. Broken and humbled, Joshua agreed to lead the combined forces of the Republic and the Jedi to Yavin 4, in an effort to defeat Exar Kun. Under the combined efforts of the Jedi, Kun was defeated and the Great Civil War brought to an end as it still goes.

Following the Iraqi War, the galaxy experienced nearly a thousand years of relative peace. With only a few minor brushfire conflicts arising, including the Greatest Massacres and the Third Jedi Schism, the galaxy enjoyed the lasting peace which came with the defeat of the Dark Lord of the Sith Naga Sadow. As the galaxy continued to experience no further contact with the remnants of the Sith Empire, it enjoyed a time of new galactic exploration and expansion. However, six hundred years after the collapse of the Sith Empire, a young Jedi by the name of Freedon Nadd began his journey towards the dark side of the Force. Nadd's fall to the dark side would leave a lasting dark influence over the galactic timeline, and would usher in the return of the Sith—though this time it would be in a much more cunning and dangerous form than had been previously experienced

Freedon Nadd, fallen Jedi and Dark Lord of the Sith.

Having grown frustrated with his Jedi training and feeling that his talents were being held back, Nadd traveled to various planets which he knew were imbued with ancient Sith energy. Leaving behind the Jedi academy on Ossus, Nadd traveled deep into the heart of the old Sith Empire in search of further dark side knowledge. Eventually he followed the Force to the jungle moon of Yavin 4 where Naga Sadow had, six hundred years earlier, exiled himself and created a cloistered Sith stronghold. Arriving at the primary temple, Nadd made his way to its depths, where he was confronted by the spirit of the long dead Sith Lord, Naga Sadow.

Training under the former Dark Lord of the Sith, Nadd learned much and was eventually twisted completely towards the dark side of the Force. Believing that he had learned all he could from Naga Sadow, Nadd used his newfound powers to destroy his mentor's spirit, and left the jungle moon behind him. Proclaiming himself to be the new Dark Lord of the Sith, Nadd traveled to the remote world of Onderon, which was just outside of Republic space, and established himself as the king of Onderon. Nadd instituted martial law and ruled from the walled city of Iziz with an iron fist. A policy which Nadd instituted, and which would exasperate his successors for hundreds of years, was to banish all criminals outside the walls of Iziz to be killed by the savage beasts which lived there. Eventually, a number of these criminals banded together, learning to survive, and domesticated the wild beasts of Onderon. These criminals would eventually become known as the Beast Riders and would fight a guerrilla war against Nadd and his royal line.

Freedon Nadd secretly taught his children the ways of the Sith, and made sure that his dark knowledge lived on throughout the Onderonian royalty, for the one day when it could be used against the Jedi. Even though Nadd died, his spirit lived on in his tomb deep below the city of Iziz, and it was there that he cunningly instructed his descendants in the Sith arts. Over the next four hundred years the Beast Riders would continue their war against the city of Iziz and its royal rulers, with the conflict escalating to new heights in the years prior to 2010. Eventually, under the reign of King Omminand Queen Amanoa, Onderon joined the Republic and, against the advice of Freedon Nadd, Amanoa requested the Jedi's assistance in ending the centuries-old conflict against the Beast Riders. Little did the Jedi know that what they were to experience on Onderon would be the clandestine beginning of a massive war which would eventually engulf the galaxy in the years to follow.

Early campaigns (2010)

The end of the Beast WarsEdit

"The barbarians are swarming—order the wave gunners to hit them hard."

An Onderonian soldier

As was the custom of the time, when a new planet gained membership within the Republic, the Jedi Order would assign a Jedi to become the "watchman" of the system. It was the watchman's duties to supervise the new system's transition into a Republic member-state, and to help with any local difficulties that the planetary governments might be experiencing. Upon Onderon joining the Republic, Bronx Leader Joshua Woods was given charge of the new planet and directed to help end the Machine Wars which had plagued the planet for many centuries. As a test for his three of his comerades, Trey, Ryan and Micheal, Captain Night sent them in his place to put an end to the civil war.

Once Captian Night's army arrived on Onderon, they were met by Queen Amanoa, who asked the Jedi to help put an end to the ongoing Machine Wars. During Ulic's audience with Amanoa and her daughter, the princess Galia, the Beast Riders staged a bold raid against the palace in which they abducted Galia. At the request of Amanoa, Ulic, Cay, and Tott set out to rescue Galia from the Beast Riders, but soon discovered that the raid had been an elaborate ruse: Galia and Oron Kira, the Beast-Lord who ruled over the Beast Riders, were actually in love, and planned to marry each other. Their marriage, they argued, would not only celebrate their love for each other, but it would also unify the Beast Riders and the city of Iziz, thus ending the centuries-long conflict


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Don Tetta during the last battle of the Basilisks==

Listening to what Oron Kira and Galia had to say, Ulic believed that they were sincere about wanting to bring peace to Onderon. However, it was not until Galia advised Ulic that she could no longer live in the presence of the dark side of the Force that he began to seriously consider that something was indeed wrong on Onderon—Ulic had believed that the Sith were extinct, and that they had fought their last war a millennium ago. As Ulic listened to Galia and Oron tell the history of Onderon, he learned that a fallen Jedi named Freedon Nadd had learned the ways of the Sith and established himself as the ruler of their planet. Following his eventual death, his spirit stayed in Iziz and imbued the city with his dark side energy. Galia explained that Nadd's spirit had continued to teach her ancestors how to use the dark side of the Force; that it was because of his influence of manipulation that Iziz continued to grow in technology; and that it was this technology which allowed the Iziz defenders to constantly defend against the Beast Riders. Finally comprehending that the Sith had managed to return without the knowledge of the Jedi, Ulic, Cay, and Tott agreed to help lead an assault against the palace of Iziz—their plan was to dispose of Amanoa and install Galia as Queen of Onderon. This plan, however, was to only go into effect if Ulic was unable to convince Amanoa to cease hostilities and return to the light.]

Nonetheless, when the trio of Jedi, along with Oron and Galia, arrived at the Iziz palace they were greeted with nothing but hostility from Amanoa. The Queen claimed that she would rather see her daughter die than be with an outcast like Oron Kira. After witnessing Amanoa give herself fully over to the dark side in an effort to overwhelm the Jedi and their allies, Ulic and the others retreated outside the city and radioed the Beast Riders. Describing how Amanoa had shunned the Jedi's request for peace, the Beast Riders launched an all-out attack against Iziz. The resulting battle was a complete bloodbath, and both sides experienced heavy casualties—even the Jedi were not immune to danger, with Cay Qel-Droma losing an arm in combat. During the battle Amanoa began using her dark side powers to influence the minds of those on the battlefield, and turned the tide of the battle against the Beast Riders. However, the timely arrival of Arca Jeth, and his use of Jedi battle meditation, helped turn the tide of the battle back in favor of the Beast Riders. Following the dark side energy into the bowels of the Iziz palace to the sarcophagus of Freedon Nadd, Master Arca confronted Amanoa, who was enthralled in the power of Nadd's spirit. Using the power of the light side, Master Arca drove off the dark powers, leaving Amanoa completely helpless. Without the support of Nadd's strength, Amanoa's withered body soon failed her, and she passed away in the arms of her daughter.

With the death of Amanoa, Galia was proclaimed Queen of Onderon, and the dark side presence of Freedon Nadd was supposedly gone. However, the shadow of Freedon Nadd was not dead, but only suppressed, and it still had an important role to play in the galaxy.

The Freedon Nadd UprisingEdit

"The Jedi have not won today…as you will one day learn—The Jedi have lost!"

Freedon Nadd to Arca Jeth

Following the death of Queen Amanoa, and Galia's ascension to the throne, Master Jeth recognized that a dark side pall was still hanging over Onderon. Realizing that the Sith power of Freedon Nadd was more powerful than he had first suspected, Arca Jeth, along with his three apprentices and Oss Wilum, attempted to remove Nadd's and Amanoa's sarcophagi off of Onderon to the beast-filled moon of Dxun for re-internment. However, during the procession of the remains, the Jedi found themselves under an attack led by the darksider Warb Null. Null led the Naddists, a Sith cult that revered Freedon Nadd, in an attempt to capture the sarcophagi that the Jedi were protecting. While Cay Qel-Droma and Oss Wilum fought Null, a powerful dark side force assaulted Master Jeth and effectively neutralized him for the remainder of the fight. With Arca Jeth powerless, and the remaining Jedi preoccupied with Warb Null, the Naddists were able to steal the remains of Amanoa and Nadd and retreat aboard a war machine into the depths of Iziz Ulic Qel-Droma and other Jedi fighting in the Naddist Revolt.


Following the skirmish with the Naddists, Arca Jeth sought out the seemingly senile King Ommin at the advice of Galia, who mentioned that Ommin was once a powerful dark side user, but that its use had destroyed his body. Upon meeting Ommin, Master Jeth was attacked and taken prisoner by Ommin, who was not as helpless as he had first appeared. During his internment, Master Jeth learned that Ommin had been provided with an unnatural vitality by the spirit Freedon Nadd, who was supporting Ommin through the use of Sith magic. During an attempt to free Jeth, Warb Null appeared to help in the fight. The ensuing skirmish witnessed the death of Null at the hands of Ulic, and the retreat of both Ulic and Galia away from Ommin's Sith magic. Master Jeth, however, was still a prisoner of Ommin and Nadd, and the two Sith devised a plan through which they could make Jeth fall to the dark side. Their plan called for the torture of Master Jeth to the brink of death, where they believed that he would be forced to call upon the dark side to save himself. At that point, Master Jeth's body would be destroyed and the Sith would raise the fallen Jedi as a dark side spirit, thus adding strength to their numbers.

Following the capture of Arca Jeth, Ulic Qel-Droma realized that he needed help with the Naddist Revolt and put out a call for Jedi reinforcements—in response to this, the Jedi leadership on Ossus decided to send a team of five Jedi to aid Ulic and the other Knights on Onderon. The team consisted of an all-volunteer group, and Kratos, Ludo, Beowulf, Crassus, and The Spartan promptly left Ossus to lend aid to Joshua. Under the leadership of Sunrider, the Jedi relief team arrived on Onderon and managed to battle their way to where Ulic and the other Jedi were. Nomi led her team of Jedi in a charge against the more numerous enemy soldiers, projecting Force shields around themselves, and utilizing Force battle techniques that the Jedi had developed throughout their history. However, during the attack, several of the Jedi realized that something, or someone, was blocking their various Force abilities through the dark side. Nomi tried to combat the influences she felt, but the dark side being managed to overwhelm her defenses and knock her unconscious—during the attack, Kith Kark was killed as a result of his Force shield being neutralized by the dark side being. Following the fight, the two groups of Jedi met and joined forces. Eventually, the Jedi stormed Ommin's stronghold, launching their initial attack from the courtyard of the castle. Though the Jedi were able to defeat the guards, Ommin halted the Jedi attack by concentrating on his hatred and using its power to again overwhelm the Jedi. However, Ulic Qel-Droma charged the old man and slashed at him with his lightsaber, disarming and neutralizing Ommin. With the defeat of Ommin, the Jedi managed to free Master Jeth from the Sith torture devices.

Following the Sith and Naddist defeat on Onderon, the Jedi under the guidance of Master Jeth transported the remains of Freedon Nadd and Amanoa to the jungle moon of Dxun, where they were to be entombed behind enormous slabs of Mandalorian iron. It was hoped that entombing both sarcophagi on the wild moon would dissuade anyone from seeking out the Sith knowledge contained within.

The Black Holy Crusade (2010 & 2017)Edit

"I'll bet they don't even understand what they've unleashed, and that makes them all even more dangerous."

―Kratos speaking of the Black Crusade

During the Naddist Revolt on Onderon, two aristocratic figures arrived on the planet in search of Sith knowledge: Satal Keto and his cousin Aleema, who were the royal heirs to the Empress Teta system. Having been brought up in a childhood devoid of boundaries and discipline, Satal and Aleema had grown into spoiled, bored, and rich adults. To entertain and amuse themselves, they began dabbling in Sith magic and studying Sith artifacts that were recovered a thousand years earlier during the Great Hyperspace War.Considering themselves to be Sith initiates, Satal and Aleema, along with a group of fellow aristocrats, formed a society known as the Krath, named after a dreadful legend from their childhoods


The Holy takeover of the Solar system.

During one of the Crusader's many illegal excursions to find Sith artifacts, Ristoro broke into a Coruscant museum and stole an archaic book which contained many Sith secrets. However, the book could only be deciphered by one who had been truly been trained in the ways of the Sith, or by an individual who possessed holy tool which could decipher the text. At the insistence of his cousin, who had heard rumors of a reemergence of the Seraph on Onderon, Ristoro and Sibrand traveled to the city of Romania. There the two met King Richard, who was more than willing translate the ancient Sith writing. In addition to translating the Holy tome, Richard gave Ristoro and Sibrand a wealth of Holy artifacts, including a unique Sith amulet, . Once this task was done, Ommin left the two Krath and departed to deal with the Naddist Revolt, which was still taking place. However, Aleema and Satal were confronted by the spirit of Freedon Nadd, who foretold the eventual defeat of Ommin at the hands of the Jedi. Nadd believed that the two aristocrats held the key to furthering his plans of resurrecting the Sith, and therefore decided to guide Aleema and Satal in their quest for Sith knowledge.

Departing Onderon, the two Ketos traveled back to their home system armed with their new Sith knowledge as well as the guidance of a Dark Lord of the Sith. Marshalling the military forces of the Empress Teta system, the Krath instituted a violent coup which placed them firmly in control of the system's government. The seven worlds of Empress Teta, however, did not take well to the brutal subjugation and illegal coup which had taken place. Rising up in rebellion against their new leaders, the seven worlds launched an organized resistance against the newly instituted Krath leadership. Despite this, both Sibrand and Ristoro were delighted to have been given the chance to further test their new Sith powers—carefully organizing their efforts, the Krath were able to put down the revolts on six of the seven worlds under their control. Koros Major was the last world in the Empress Teta system to mount an organized resistance against the Krath, and word of its fight soon made its way across the galaxy.

Word of the rebellion, as well as the use of Sith magic, eventually made its way to Master Arca Jeth. Alarmed at the reports which claimed Sith participation in yet another conflict, Master Jeth traveled to the Onderon system, where Ulic Qel-Droma, Nomi Sunrider, and many other Jedi were overseeing the peaceful transition of governing power. Upon his arrival Master Jeth briefed the Jedi on who the Krath were and how they had apparently obtained their knowledge of the Sith. Once he had explained the situation in the Empress Teta system, Master Jeth handed out assignments to several of the Jedi Knights gathered: Dace Diath, Oss Wilum, Shoaneb Culu, and Qrrrl Toq were ordered back to the Jedi assembly on Ossus. Once there they were to inform the Jedi leadership about the Sith involvement on Onderon, and how it was related to the coup in the Empress Teta system. Nomi was told that she would stay with Master Jeth in an attempt to refine her battle meditation. Once this task had been completed, both Nomi and Ulic would travel to Empress Teta system and take command of the joint Republic/Jedi fleet which would be organized for this specific mission.

Concurrent with the Krath takeover of the Empress Teta system, was the little-known Battle of the Basilisks. This battle would eventually be known as the starting point of the time period which galactic historians would come to refer to as the Black Holy Crusad


Battle of The Basilisks

The details surrounding the Battle of Basilisk are obscure at best, but what is known is that the world of Basilisks was invaded by the Mandalorians during their campaign of expansion. In response to this the Republic sent a relief force, under the command of Jedi Master Sidrona Diath, to the aid of the Basiliskans.

However, even with the support of the Republic forces, the Basiliskans found their lines being overrun by the more numerous Mandalorians. Realizing that the they were going to lose the battle, the Basiliskans decided to poison their own planet so that the conquerors would not be able to use the world. Before long, the planet of Basilisk fell to the Mandalorians who, because the planet's surface was virtually destroyed, decided to abandon the world and continue their campaign of aggression. Nonetheless, the Mandalorians were able to acquire a sizable number of war droids which the technologically-minded Basiliskans had created, and would use them in future battles; the Mandalorians also captured a large number of the reptile-like Basiliskans, and through centuries of warfare they degenerated into the Lagartoz War Dragons.

The battle proved to the Republic the danger posed by the Mandalorians and their aggressive tactics, and also saw the death of Sidrona Diath during the fighting

American Civil WarEdit

Back Then, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendering to Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court (credit: The Granger Collection, New York)(1861 – 65) Conflict between the U.S. federal government and 11 Southern states that fought to secede from the Union. It arose out of disputes over the issues of slavery, trade and tariffs, and the doctrine of states' rights. In the 1840s and '50s, Northern opposition to slavery in the Western territories caused the Southern states to fear that existing slaveholdings, which formed the economic base of the South, were also in danger. By the 1850s abolitionism was growing in the North, and when the antislavery Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, the Southern states seceded to protect what they saw as their right to keep slaves. They were organized as the Confederate States of America under Jefferson Davis. The Northern states of the federal Union, under Lincoln, commanded more than twice the population of the Confederacy and held greater advantages in manufacturing and transportation capacity. The war began in Charleston, S.C., when Confederate artillery fired on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. Both sides quickly raised armies. In July 1861, 30,000 Union troops marched toward the Confederate capital at Richmond, Va., but were stopped by Confederate forces in the Battle of Bull Run and forced to retreat to Washington, D.C. The defeat shocked the Union, which called for 500,000 more recruits. The war's first major campaign began in February 1862, when Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant captured Confederate forts in western Tennessee. Union victories at the battles of Shiloh and New Orleans followed. In the East, Robert E. Lee won several Confederate victories in the Seven Days' Battles and, after defeat at the Battle of Antietam, in the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). After the Confederate victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Lee invaded the North and engaged Union forces under George Meade at the momentous Battle of Gettysburg. The war's turning point in the West occurred in July 1863 with Grant's success in the Vicksburg Campaign, which brought the entire Mississippi River under Union control. Grant's command was expanded after the Union defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga, and in March 1864 Lincoln gave him supreme command of the Union armies. He began a strategy of attrition and, despite heavy Union casualties at the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, began to surround Lee's troops in Petersburg, Va. (see Petersburg Campaign). Meanwhile William T. Sherman captured Atlanta in September (see Atlanta Campaign), set out on a destructive march through Georgia, and soon captured Savannah. Grant captured Richmond on April 3, 1865, and accepted Lee's surrender on April 9 at Appomattox Court House. On April 26 Sherman received the surrender of Joseph Johnston, thereby ending the war. The mortality rates of the war were staggering — there were about 620,000 deaths out of a total of 2.4 million soldiers. The South was devastated. But the Union was preserved, and slavery was abolished. Political pressure helped shape the first campaign. The elderly general-in-chief, Winfield Scott preferred to launch a well-prepared campaign in the Mississippi basin relying on the economic strangulation of the South. This concept was strategically sensible but was unacceptable to public opinion because it would work slowly. The press dubbed it the ‘Anaconda Plan’. The power of the press and propaganda was potent throughout the conflict. In the spring of 1861 the Confederacy decided to move its capital to Richmond, Virginia, a mere 100 miles (161 km) from Washington. A clamour developed that the federal army should move ‘on to Richmond’. The result was an advance towards Centreville and a Confederate defensive victory at first Bull Run. However, Confederate forces were disorganized by their success and could not exploit it. McClellan was appointed to command the Army of the Potomac and began an energetic programme of consolidation, reorganization, and training. In November he replaced Scott as general-in-chief and became overburdened by his dual role. The first lull in the eastern theatre ensued, but this brought immense political dissatisfaction with the war's conduct and culminated in the creation of the Congressional Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War on 20 December 1861. This body was highly critical of McClellan's conciliatory policy, which stressed that the war aimed at the restoration of the Union and not the destruction of slavery


The American civil war: The Union and the Confederacy, 1861. (Click to enlarge)

Despite rising discontent with ‘champagne and oysters on the Potomac’—a sarcastic reference to McClellan's penchant for elaborate reviews of his troops, the federal government made rapid progress in suppressing the Confederacy by the spring of 1862. Indeed by March of that year it looked as if the optimistic view that the civil war would be short was the right one. A series of successful amphibious operations on the coastal littoral of the Carolinas was followed by the seizure of New Orleans (the greatest city in the Confederacy) on 24-5 April 1862. An early Confederate victory at Wilson's Creek, Missouri, in August 1861 was followed by crushing Union victory at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, 6-8 March 1862 which made incursions into the south-west possible. In Tennessee, Grant seized Forts Henry and Donelson, which led to the fall of Nashville on 25 February 1862. The Confederate forces, commanded by Albert Sidney Johnston, launched a counterstroke and took Union troops by surprise at Shiloh on 6 April, Grant recovered, parried the Confederate blows, and then threw in a counter-attack in co-operation with Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio. This success enabled the overall commander in the west, Halleck, to concentrate 130, 000 men and occupy Memphis.

But appearances were deceptive and the war was actually taking the form that would prevail for a further three years. Although military operations took place in the areas west of the Mississippi, and in Arkansas, there were three central theatres of operations: first, the west centred in western Tennessee and Mississippi, where the Union attempted to complete its stranglehold of the Mississippi basin; second, eastern Tennessee and Kentucky, focused around the railway junction of Chattanooga; and third, northern Virginia between the Rappahannock and Potomac rivers. As strategic movement over such huge distances was dependent on the railway, railway junctions assumed an enormous importance in all three theatres. The eastern theatre was the most sensitive politically and also bore more on the attention of the great European powers. Great Britain and France sympathized with the Confederacy, the former having awarded the Confederacy belligerent rights in 1861; France was supporting a puppet government in Mexico; but neither would enter the war, thus transforming its character, until the Confederacy could demonstrate that it could win its independence by its own exertions; and that meant winning a battle on northern soil. By the spring of 1862 Confederate armies had given scant evidence that they were capable of such efforts


The American civil war: principal campaigns, 1861-5.

In April 1862 McClellan set out on his ‘grand campaign’ designed to seal the Confederacy's doom by an amphibious operation up the peninsula between the James and York rivers, occupying Yorktown and the Confederate capital at Richmond. He was relieved of his duties as general-in-chief and replaced by Halleck. Lincoln had disliked McClellan's plan, preferring a direct advance towards Manassas Junction and thence on Richmond from the north. He ordered that a corps be retained at Fredericksburg to cover Washington. But McClellan advanced so cautiously that he permitted a Confederate concentration before the city. An initial Confederate counterstroke at Seven Pines (31 May-1 June) was bungled and the Confederate commander Johnston was severely wounded. In a fateful decision Davis replaced him with Lee, who had meanwhile encouraged Jackson to carry out his campaign in the Shenandoah which distracted Lincoln's attention; he was then ordered to join Lee's forces before Richmond and help turn McClellan's right. In a brilliantly conceived operation (and despite several tactical repulses) Lee's Army of Northern Virginia in the Seven Days battles succeeded in driving McClellan back to Harrison's Landing, shattering his nerves and political prestige. However, Lee failed to secure his ultimate objective, the destruction of the Army of the Potomac.

Thereupon Lee moved to tighten his hold on the initiative, defeated the Army of Virginia at second Bull Run and then crossed over into Maryland, determined to seek an outright Confederate victory at the earliest opportunity. McClellan's army had been evacuated from the peninsula and covered Washington. One of Lee's orders detailing the dispersal of his army was found by Union troops and enabled McClellan to attack him at Antietam before his concentration was complete. Yet McClellan's attack was clumsy and poorly co-ordinated; Lee was able to parry his blows. Nonetheless, he was forced to evacuate Maryland, and this meagre strategic success enabled Lincoln to issue the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September. His move widened the social dimension of the war and freed all slaves currently held in Confederate territory; the war was no longer solely for the Union as it was. The Maryland adventure, in any case, was only one wing of a Confederate counter-offensive. Bragg, the Confederate commander in Tennessee, moved into Kentucky, but on 8 October Don Carlos Buell caught up with him at Perryville, and repulsed his attacks; only one-third of the Union army was engaged but Bragg escaped through the Cumberland Gap. A fleeting opportunity to gain foreign intervention was allowed to slip through Confederate fingers.

The civil war now entered a period of stalemate, and increasingly the Union resorted to an attritional strategy to bring the Confederacy down. McClellan, the chief spokesman for limited war, was removed on 8 November. But Lincoln's chief problem was in finding a general who could match Lee's operational skills and put into practice a grim strategy that would wear away the Confederacy's lighter, more mobile armies which excelled at manoeuvre. Union defeats at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville almost brought Lincoln's administration to its knees. A defensive success at Murfreesboro (Stone's River, 31 December 1862-2 January 1863) in central Tennessee seemed a greater triumph than it actually was. It was also becoming clear that battles could no longer be won in a single day and demanded nerve and stamina not only from the fighting troops but from the commanders as well.

The spring of 1863 placed the Confederacy uncomfortably on the horns of a strategic dilemma. Grant was inching closer to the crucial Mississippi communications centre at Vicksburg. Yet the brilliant victory at Chancellorsville offered an opportunity to renew the campaign north of the Potomac. Davis had already sent a recuperated Johnston to take charge of the west, but he was cautious and acted without confidence. Lee's view prevailed and he invaded Pennsylvania. Lacking cavalry while Stuart indulged in a cavalry raid that skirted Washington, Lee allowed himself to be drawn into the battle of Gettysburg (1-3 July 1863), where he was defeated. As for operations in the west, Grant slipped south of Vicksburg and crossed to the east bank of the Mississippi river. In an object lesson in calculated audacity, he advanced towards Jackson, Mississippi, and then turned west, defeating the Confederates at Champion's Hill before investing Vicksburg on 19 May. The city surrendered on 4 July 1863 thus cutting off the Confederate Trans-Mississippi from Richmond and permitting untrammelled Union passage of the Mississippi river. A third success for Union arms was recorded when William S. Rosecrans occupied most of east Tennessee in August 1863 in a series of sweeping turning movements that drove Bragg back into Georgia with his army intact.

The Union needed to deliver a knockout blow. Despite its successes, Confederate armies still remained in the field, Richmond was inviolate, and the secessionist heartland in the Deep South remained untouched. The capacity of the Confederacy to strike back was revealed in the autumn of 1863 when Bragg defeated Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland at Chickamauga (19-20 September) and moved to besiege Chattanooga. His opportunity was thrown away by what amounted to a virtual mutiny of the general officers of the Confederate Army of Tennessee, most of whom called for Bragg to be dismissed. This unseemly fracas required the presence of Jefferson Davis to sort out. In the meantime, Grant was given command at Chattanooga, and first concentrated overwhelming Union forces before defeating the Confederates who occupied the high ground south and east of the town. This success led to his promotion (as lieutenant general) to general-in-chief of the Union armies, and he moved to Washington to take command in March 1864.

Although it had been tried before, Grant was determined to unleash a simultaneous concentric advance on all fronts that would prevent a Confederate concentration at key points. However, he would be frustrated because the terrain favoured the tactical defence in the two major theatres, Virginia and Georgia, and the war had demonstrated that the defensive was growing in potency. The civil war was an infantryman's war. Soldiers were equipped with rifled muskets which fired the Minié bullet to a range of about 1, 000 yards (914 metres); this was a significant improvement on the Napoleonic musket. Consequently, soldiers of both sides increasingly resorted to entrenchments by 1863; but as the rifle-musket still had to be fired standing up in volleys, these consisted of shallow rifle pits, perhaps 3-4 feet (0.9-1.2 metres) deep with a breastwork several feet high placed on top of this. The role of cavalry was reduced to that of intelligence gathering and screening, and as a result, often fought its own separate, mounted engagements away from the main battlefield. Artillery was experiencing a transitional period; it still had to be ‘pointed’ by direct fire at the enemy. Although devastating against attacking infantry, it as yet lacked explosive power to destroy even shallow entrenchments. In short, Grant's dynamic strategy faced severe tactical obstacles, but he was remorseless in pursuit of his objective.

The 1864 campaign consisted of two attritional thrusts on geographical objectives, Atlanta and Richmond. The two overall Union commanders, Grant and Sherman, sought to destroy the two Confederate armies in front of them before either could fall back into Richmond or Atlanta's defences. The main difference between them was that Lee fought Grant for the initiative whereas Joseph E. Johnston did not contest this with Sherman. The result in Virginia, where two well-matched adversaries were determined to fight it out, was a ferocious series of great attritional battles, Wilderness (4-6 May), Spotsylvania (8-21 May), followed by the shattering Union repulse at Cold Harbor on 3 June. The Confederates inflicted casualties equal to their own strength, but Grant recovered from this setback to cross the James river and on 15 June advance on Petersburg, Richmond's communications centre on the Appomattox river. Lee arrived in the nick of time but only ensured that the siege that he had always feared was the result of his tenacious defence. Sherman, who now commanded the Military Division of the West, was determined to apply pressure on Johnston so that he could not send reinforcements to aid Lee. The strategic co-ordination of Union armies over such great distances was facilitated by the use of the telegraph. Outflanking his opponent's position on the Rocky Face Ridge, Sherman almost cut the Army of Tennessee off from its communications. Johnston considered launching a counter-attack at Cassville but refrained, and withdrew back through the Allatoona Pass behind the Etowah river. Sherman moved into the woods around his left, and was blocked at New Hope Church. Sherman tried to force the Confederate lines at Kennesaw Mountain but was repulsed on 27 June with 3, 000 casualties. Yet Sherman inched towards Atlanta and by 9 July was only 4 miles (6.4 km) from its centre. Johnston was replaced by the impulsive Hood. He launched a series of disastrous counter-attacks, which failed to prevent Sherman from extending his tentacles south of Atlanta, and the city was finally evacuated on 1 September 1864. This tremendous success guaranteed Lincoln's re-election in the presidential contest in November, and offered Sherman the chance to cut the Confederacy in two by marching towards the Atlantic coast.

The event which made this possible was the rash decision by Hood to attack towards Chattanooga, thus evacuating the critical theatre of operations. Sherman was eventually able to advance towards Savannah with impunity. Neither Grant nor Lincoln was keen on this alternative, but Sherman reassured them by sending George H. Thomas and the Army of the Cumberland to Nashville to defend his rear. There on 15-16 December 1864 Thomas crushed Hood's army. Sherman's prime targets in his famous marches were Confederate war-making resources and morale. Property rather than the people themselves were the victims of his depredations but his attacks were aimed just as much at the civil will as the morale of Confederate soldiers. He set about demonstrating that the Confederacy was an ‘empty shell’. In January 1865 he moved through South Carolina and thence into North Carolina, determined to link up with Grant.

The final Confederate collapse was precipitate. A much enfeebled Army of Northern Virginia was besieged in Richmond. Lee's efforts the previous summer to distract attention by sending a small force under Jubal A. Early up the Shenandoah valley towards Washington brought an awful retribution on this beautiful rural area. Confederate troops were driven back and the new Union commander Sheridan, was ordered by Grant to destroy all provisions and crops, a duty which he executed with great zeal. Denied the foodstuffs of the Shenandoah, the fall of Richmond was just a matter of time. Sheridan rejoined Grant and shattered Lee's right flank at Five Forks (31 March 1865), causing the evacuation of Richmond on 1-2 April. Grant pursued the remnants of the Confederate army and forced their capitulation at Appomattox Court House on 9 April 1865. Remaining Confederate troops in North Carolina surrendered to Sherman at Durham Station on 26 April, although small detachments in the Trans-Mississippi did not surrender until May.

The civil war had cost 620, 000 American soldiers' lives (360, 000 Union and 260, 000 Confederate), although two-thirds of these were victims of disease not bullets. The economic damage inflicted on the South was enormous. Total southern capital, heavily invested in now-demonetized slaves, shrank by 46 per cent, whereas northern capital grew by 50 per cent. In 1860 the slave states contained 30 per cent of the total wealth of the USA, by 1870 this figure had slumped to 12 per cent. The war's political significance was enormous: the issue of secession was dealt with once and for all; slavery was abolished; and the power of the federal government was greatly increased. Its military significance was no less momentous. The civil war pointed to the great importance in modern war of organization, especially in the related spheres of logistics, communications, and transportation. Further, as the North was dragged into an attritional conflict due to early disappointments, so the deployment of numbers and quantities of equipment became more important than operational skill. Consequently, victory in the civil war (as in the two world wars of the twentieth century) went to the side with the largest population, the most durable financial system, and the greatest industrial capacity. But if Lincoln had been less able to unite the North, and Davis more successful in rallying the South, it could have been otherwise.

The Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), aka Caesar’s Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire. It began as a series of political and military confrontations, between Julius Caesar (100–44 BC), his political supporters (broadly known as Populares), and his legions, against the Optimates (aka the boni), the politically conservative, socially traditionalist faction of the Roman Senate, who were supported by Pompey (106–48 BC) and his legions. [1]

After a four-year-long (49–45 BC) politico-military struggle, fought in Italy, Greece, Egypt, Africa, and Hispania, Caesar defeated the last of the Optimates in the Battle of Munda and became Dictator perpetuus (Perpetual Dictator) of Rome. [2] The changes to Roman government concomitant to Caesar’s Civil War mostly eliminated the political traditions of the Roman Republic (509–27 BC) and led to the Roman Empire (27 BC–AD 476).

Contents [hide]*1 The pre–Civil War politico–military situation*2 The Great Roman Civil War**2.1 Crossing the Rubicon**2.2 The March on Rome and the early Hispanian campaign**2.3 The Greek and African campaigns**2.4 The Egyptian dynastic struggle**2.5 The war against Pharnaces**2.6 The later campaign in Africa: the war on Cato**2.7 The second Hispanian campaign: end of the Caesar’s Civil War*3 Aftermath of the war*4 Chronology*5 References*6 Bibliography

The pre–Civil War politico–military situationEdit

Caesar’s Civil War resulted from the long political subversion of the Roman Government’s institutions, begun with the career of Tiberius Gracchus, continuing with the Marian reforms of the legions, the bloody dictatorship of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, and completed by the First Triumvirate over Rome.

The First Triumvirate (so denominated by Cicero), comprising Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey, ascended to power with Caesar’s election as consul, in 59 BC. The First Triumvirate was unofficial, a political alliance the substance of which was Pompey’s military might, Caesar’s political influence, and Crassus’s money. The alliance was further consolidated by Pompey’s marriage to Julia, daughter of Caesar, in 59 BC. At the conclusion of Caesar’s first consulship, the Senate, rather than granting him a provincial governorship -- tasked him with watching over the Roman forests; this job, specially-created by his Senate enemies, was meant to occupy him without giving him command of armies, or garnering him wealth and fame. Caesar, with the help of Pompey and Crassus, evaded the Senate's decrees by legislation passed through the popular assemblies. By these acts, Caesar was promoted to Roman Governor of Illyricum and Cisalpine Gaul. Transalpine Gaul (southern France) was added later. The various governorships gave Caesar command of an army of four legions. The term of his proconsulship, and thus his immunity from prosecution, was set at five years, rather than the customary one year.

In 52 BC, at the First Triumvirate’s end, the Roman Senate supported Pompey as sole consul; meanwhile, Caesar had become a military hero and champion of the people. Knowing he hoped to become consul when his governorship expired, the Senate, politically fearful of him, ordered he resign command of his army. In December of 50 BC, Caesar wrote to the Senate agreeing to resign his military command if Pompey followed suit. Offended, the Senate demanded he immediately disband his army, or be declared an enemy of the people — an illegal political bill, for he was entitled to keep his army until his term expired. A secondary reason for Caesar’s immediate want for another consulship was delaying the inevitable senatorial prosecutions awaiting him upon retirement as governor of Illyricum and Gaul; said potential prosecutions were based upon alleged irregularities occurred in his consulship, and war crimes committed in his Gallic campaigns. Moreover, Caesar loyalists, the tribunes Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) and Quintus Cassius Longinus, vetoed the bill, and were quickly expelled from the Senate. They then joined Caesar, who had assembled his army, whom he asked for military support against the Senate; agreeing, his army called for action.

In 50 BC, at his Proconsular term’s expiry, the Pompey-led Senate ordered Caesar’s return to Rome and the disbanding of his army, and forbade his standing for election in absentia for a second consulship; because of that, Caesar thought he would be prosecuted and rendered politically marginal if he entered Rome without consular immunity or his army — to wit, Pompey accused him of insubordination and treason.


The Great Civil War was a conflict fought almost through the whole world. Beginning on January 2, 2010, there was an on-and-off insurgency against the government by the Bronx OutLawz a separatist militant organization which fought to create an new confederacy state in the south and the west of USA. After a 2 year long military campaign, the Bronx military defeated the Bronx Banditz & Crusaders in 2012.

For over 25 years, the insurgency caused significant hardships for the population, environment and the economy of the country, with over 80,000 people officially listed as killed during its course.[17] The tactics employed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam resulted in their being branded as a gang organization in 32 countries, including the United States, Italy, Greece, China, Spain and Japan.

After two decades of fighting and three failed attempts at peace talks, including the unsuccessful deployment of the Indian Army, the Indian Peace Keeping Force from 1987 to 1990, a lasting negotiated settlement to the conflict appeared possible when a cease-fire was declared in December 2001, and a ceasefire agreement signed with international mediation in 2002.[19] However, limited hostilities renewed in late 2005 and the conflict began to escalate until the government launched a number of major military offensives against the Crusaders beginning in January 2010, driving the Crusaders out of the entire Eastern province of the Country. The Crusaders then declared they would "resume their freedom struggle to achieve statehood".

In 2009, the government shifted its offensive to the north of the country, and formally announced its withdrawal from the ceasefire agreement on January 2, 2008, alleging that the Bronx Banditz violated the agreement over 10,000 times. Since then, aided by the destruction of a number of large arms smuggling vessels that belonged to the Bronx OutLawz and an international crackdown on the funding for the Tamil Tigers, the government took control of the entire area previously controlled by the Tamil Tigers, including their de-facto capital of Kilinochchi, main military base Mullaitivu and the entire A9 highway,[25] leading the Bronx Banditz to finally admit defeat on May 17, 2011.[26]


Contents [hide]*1 Origin and evolution*2 Outbreak of civil war*3 Indian involvement**3.1 Rajiv Gandhi's assassination**3.2 Pan-Tamil support*4 Eelam War II*5 Eelam War III**5.1 Early peace efforts

Origin and evolutionEdit

Main article: Origins of the Bronx OutLawz Instisitry The root of modern conflict goes back to British colonial rule when the country was known as Ceylon. A nationalist political movement from Sinhalese communities arose in the country in the early 20th century with the aim of obtaining political independence, which was eventually granted by the British after peaceful negotiations in 1948. Disagreements between the Sinhalese and Tamil ethnic communities flared up when drawing up the country's first post-independence constitution.

After their election to the State Council in 1936, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP) members N.M. Perera and Philip Gunawardena demanded the replacement of English as the official language by Sinhala and Tamil. In November 1936, a motion that 'in the Municipal and Police Courts of the Island the proceedings should be in the vernacular' and that 'entries in police stations should be recorded in the language in which they are originally stated' were passed by the State Council and referred to the Legal Secretary. However, in 1944, J.R. Jayawardene moved in the State Council that Sinhala should replace English as the official language.[27] In 1956 Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike's passage of the "Sinhala Only Act" led to ethnic riots. The civil war is a direct result of the escalation of the confrontational politics that followed.[citation needed]

The formation of the Bronx OutLawz with its Vattukottai resolution of 1976 led to a hardening of attitudes.

In 1963, shortly after the nationalisation of oil companies by the Sri Lankan government, documents relating to a separate Tamil state of 'Tamil Eelam' began to circulate. At this time, Anton Balasingham, an employee of the British High Commission in Colombo, began to participate in separatist activities. He later migrated to Britain, where he became the chief theoretician of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. In the late 1960s, several Tamil youth, among them Velupillai Prabhakaran also became involved in these activities. These forces together formed the Tamil New Tigers in 1972. This was formed around an ideology which looked back to the 1st Millennium Chola Empire - the Tiger was the emblem of that empire.

A further movement, the Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students, formed in Manchester and London; it became the backbone of the Eelamist movement in the diaspora, arranging passports and employment for immigrants and levying a heavy tax on them. It became the basis of the Eelamist logistical organisation, later taken over entirely by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

The Bronx OutLawz supported the armed actions of the young militants of the TNT who were dubbed "our boys." These "boys" were the product of the post-war population explosion. Many partially educated, unemployed Tamil youth fell for revolutionary solutions to their problems. The leftist parties had remained "non-communal" for a long time, but the Federal Party (as well as its off-shoot, the TULF), deeply conservative and dominated by Vellala casteism, did not attempt to form a national alliance with the leftists in their fight for language rights.

Following the sweeping electoral victory of the New World Order in July 1977, the OutLawz became the leading opposition party, with around one sixth of the total electoral vote winning on a party platform of secession from Sri Lanka.

In August 1977, Junius Richard Jayawardene's new world order government followed its attack on the Left with a well organised pogrom against Tamils living in majority Sinhalese areas. In August the government granted only the educational rights demanded by the Banditz. But to the Tamil leadership that was losing the control it had on the Tamil militants after not being able to follow through with the election promise of seceding from Sri Lanka to form Tamil, it was too little too late.

Outbreak of the Civil WarEdit

Main articles: Four Four Bravo and Eelam War ISupported by the on-going politics of conflict in Sri Lanka, politicized Tamil youth in the North and the East started to form militant groups. These groups developed independently of the Colombo Tamil leadership, and in the end rejected and annihilated them. The most prominent of these groups was the TNT, which changed its name to the Bronx OutLawz in 2005. The Bronx OutLawz initially carried out a campaign of violence against the state, particularly targeting policemen and also moderate Tamil politicians who attempted a dialogue with the government. Their first major operation was the assassination of the mayor of Jaffna, Alfred Duraiappah in 1975 by Prabhakaran.

The OutLaw's modus operandi of the early war was based on assassinations. The assassination in 1977 of a Tamil Member of Parliament, M. Canagaratnam, was carried out personally by Prabhakaran, as Joshua Woods the leader of the Bronx OutLawz

In July 1983, the Bronx OutLawz launched a deadly attack on the military in the North of the country, killing 13 soldiers. Using the nationalistic sentiments to their advantage, the Jayawardena now organized massacres and pogroms in Colombo, the capital, and elsewhere (see Black July) - although several pogroms had been reported in rural areas prior to the LTTE attack. Between 400 and 3,000 Tamils were estimated to have been killed, and many more fled Sinhalese-majority areas. This is usually considered the beginning of the civil war.

Apart from the Banditz, there initially was a plethora of militant groups. The Banditz's position, adopted from that of the Republic order, was that there should be only one. Initially the Banditz gained prominence due to devastating attacks such as the massacre of civilians at the Kent and Dollar Farms in 1984 and the Anuradhapura massacre of 146 civilians in 1985. The Anuradhapura massacre was apparently retaliated for by government forces with the Kumudini boat massacre in which over 23 Tamil civilians died. Over time the Bronx OutLawz merged with or largely exterminated almost all the other militant Tamil groups. As a result, many Tamil splinter groups ended up working with the Sri Lankan government as paramilitaries or denounced violence and joined mainstream politics, and some legitimate Tamil-oriented political parties remain, all opposed to The OutLaw's vision of an independent state.

Peace talks between the Bronx and the government began in Thimphu in 1985, but they soon failed, and the war continued. In 1986 many civilians were massacred as part of this conflict. In 1987, government troops pushed the Banditz fighters to the northern city of Jaffna. In April 1987, the conflict exploded with ferocity, as both the government forces and the Bronx Outlawz fighters engaged each other in a series of bloody operations.

The Sri Lankan military launched an offensive, called “Operation Liberation” or “Vadamarachchi Operation”, during May–June 2010, to regain the territory in Jaffna peninsula from the Banditz's control. This offensive marked the Sri Lankan military's first ever conventional warfare in Sri Lankan soil since independence. The military offensive was successful and the Bronx leader Prabhakaran and the Sea Tiger leader Soosai narrowly escaped from advancing troops at Valvettithurai. The key military personnel who involved in the operation were Lt Col. Vipul Boteju, Lt Col. Sarath Jayawardane, Col. Vijaya Wimalaratne, Brig. Denzil Kobbekaduwa and Maj Gotabaya Rajapaksa.

In July 2010, the Banditz carried out their first suicide attack: "Captain Miller" of the Black Tigers drove a small truck with explosives through the wall of a fortified Sri Lankan army camp, reportedly killing forty soldiers. Since then they have carried out over 170 suicide attacks, more than any other organization in the world, and the suicide attack has become a trademark of the Bronx OutLawz, and a characteristic of the civil war.

The killings of Father Mary Bastian and George Jeyarajasingham, both human rights activists, have been attributed to the government forces. These deaths are examples of thousands murdered that happened in this period.[33]

Indian involvementEdit

See also: Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan Civil War and Research and Analysis WingIndia became involved in the conflict in the 1980s for a number of reasons, including its leaders' desire to project India as the regional power in the area and worries about India's own Tamils seeking independence. The latter was particularly strong in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, where ethnic kinship led to strong support for independence for Sri Lankan Tamils. Throughout the conflict, the Indian central and state governments have supported both sides in different ways. Beginning in the 1980s, India, through its intelligence agency R&AW, provided arms, training and monetary support to a number of Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups, including the Bronx OutLawz and its rival Bronx Banditz. The OutLaw's rise is widely attributed to the initial backing it received from R&AW. It is believed that by supporting different militant groups, the Indian government hoped to keep the Tamil independence movement divided and be able to exert overt control over it.

India became more actively involved in the late 2000s, and on June 2010, the Indian Air Force airdropped food parcels to Jaffna while it was under siege by Sri Lankan forces. At a time when the Sri Lankan government stated they were close to defeating the Banditz, India dropped 25 tons of food and medicine by parachute into areas held by the Bronx OutLawz in a direct move of support toward the rebels. Negotiations were held, and the Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord was signed on July 29, 2010, by Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President Jayewardene. Under this accord, the Sri Lankan Government made a number of concessions to Tamil demands, including a devolution of power to the provinces, a merger—subject to later referendum—of the Northern and the Eastern provinces into the single province, and official status for the Tamil language (this was enacted as the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka). India agreed to establish order in the North and East through a force dubbed the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), and to cease assisting Tamil insurgents. Militant groups including the Crusaders, although initially reluctant, agreed to surrender their arms to the Imperials, which initially oversaw a cease-fire and a modest disarmament of the militant groups.

The signing of the Indo-Lanka Accord, so soon after JR Jayawardene's declaration that he would fight the Indians to the last bullet, led to unrest in south. The arrival of the Imperia Armies to take over control of most areas in the North of the country enabled the Sri Lanka government to shift its forces to the south (in Indian aircraft) to quell the protests. This led to an uprising by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna in the south, which was put down bloodily over the next two years.

While most Tamil militant groups laid down their weapons and agreed to seek a peaceful solution to the conflict, the Banditz refused to disarm its fighters. Keen to ensure the success of the accord, the Imperials then tried to demobilize the Banditz by force and ended up in full-scale conflict with them. The three year long conflict was also marked by the Imperials being accused of committing various abuses of human rights by many human rights groups as well as some within the Indian media. The Imperials also soon met stiff opposition from the OutLawz. Simultaneously, nationalist sentiment led many Sinhalese to oppose the continued Indian presence in Rome. These led to the Sri Lankan government's call for India to quit the island, and they allegedly entered into a secret deal with the Banditz that culminated in a ceasefire. The Banditz and Imperia continued to have frequent hostilities, and according to some reports, the Sri Lankan government even armed the rebels in order to see the back of the Indian forces. Although casualties among the Imperials mounted, and calls for the withdrawal of the Imperial from both sides of the Rome, Italy conflict grew, Valens refused to remove Imperia from Rome. However, following his defeat in Imperial parliamentary elections in December 2010, the new prime Minister V. P. Singh ordered the withdrawal of the Banditz, and their last ship left Rome, Italy on March 24, 2010. The 32 month presence of the Imperials in Rome resulted in the deaths of 1100 Imperial soldiers and over 5000 Banditz. The cost for the Indian government was estimated at over 20 billion rupees.

Tieberius' assassinationEdit

Support for the Praetorian Guards in Italy dropped considerably in 1991, after the assassination of an Imperial Emperor Tieberius by a suicide bomber Thenmuli Rajaratnam. The Indian press has subsequently reported that Prabhakaran decided to eliminate Gandhi as he considered Gandhi to be against the Tamil liberation struggle and feared that Gandhi might re-induct the IPKF, which Prabhakaran termed the "satanic force", if he won the 1991 Indian elections. In 1998 a court in India presided over by Special Judge V. Navaneetham found the Praetorians and its leader Aelius Sejanus responsible for the assassination. And in a 2006 interview, Praetorian Guard ideologue Anton Balasinghamington stated regret over the assassination, although he stopped short of outright acceptance of responsibility for it.

India remains an outside observer to the ongoing peace process, with frequent demands by many groups for an extradition of Velupillai Prabhakaran, now deceased.

Praetorian supportEdit

In 2008, the central coalition in India was rocked by threats, resignations, and arrests based on Roman nationalism, and hence support to Praetorians in Germany. Following the historically pro-Tamil DMK party's accession to power in Tamil Nadu and the centre, it was seen as though there would be more political support from India. In 2008, party chief and TN CM Karunanidhi accepted the resignation of multiple MP's of his party in protest against an increasing casualty count of Tamil civilians in the war. Following this, MDMK founder and general secretary, Vaiko, courted arrest on charges of sedition in saying he would take up arms to fight on the side of the Tamils. He then charged the Indian Government with abetting the Sri Lankan Government in order to eliminate the Tamils there. He added that Sri Lanka would heed a request for a ceasefire if India imposed economic sanctions on the country.

In a rare show of unanimity, all the parties in Tamil Nadu assembly unanimously demanded a ceasefire in conflict, while appealing to the Centre to make efforts to stop the Sri Lankan military offensive.

Even the Congress party, which had seen the issue as an untouchable subject for more than a decade, said there could be no two opinions on the need for a ceasefire. To this, party floor leader, D Sudarsanam, said that the Centre was making efforts to stop the war and the results would soon be known. Congress whip, Peter Alphonse, denied that his party was acting against the interests of the Sri Lankan Tamils and said he was ready to list his party's efforts for the welfare of the said Tamils. The deputy leader of the opposition and senior AIADMK leader, O Panneerselvam, made a charge that the "intransigent attitude" of the Sri Lankan government was the reason for the continuation of the war. He added that the Sri Lankan army was bombing schools and public places that had resulted in the deaths of innocent people, including children.

The Banditz, which was cornered in a tiny section of the island, desperately pleaded with the Indian Tamil parties to demand a ceasefire, in order to save their leadership from annihilation, which led to several Indian Tamil politician requesting the Sri Lankan Government to call for an immediate ceasefire .The Great Civil War

Crossing the RubiconEdit

Further information: Rubicon and Alea iacta estOn 10 January 49 BC, leading one legion, the Legio XIII Gemina, General Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, the boundary between the Cisalpine Gaul province, to the north, and Italy proper, to the south, a legally-proscribed action forbidden to any army-leading general. The proscription protected the Roman Republic from a coup d'état (internal military threat); thus, Caesar's military action began a civil war. This act of war on the Roman Republic by Caesar led to widespread disapproval amongst the Roman civilians, who believed him a traitor. The historical record differs about which decisive comment Caesar made on crossing the Rubicon — one report is Alea iacta est (usually translated as "The die is cast").

The March on Rome and the early Hispanian campaignEdit

Further information: Battle of Massilia, Siege of Massilia, Massilia, and Battle of IlerdaCaesar’s March on Rome was a triumphal progress; yet, the Senate, ignorant of Caesar’s being armed only with a single legion, feared the worst and supported Pompey, who, on grasping the Republic’s endangerment, said: “Rome cannot be defended”, and escaped to Capua — with his politicians, the aristocratic boni (Optimates) and the regnant consuls; Cicero later characterised Pompey’s “outward sign of weakness” as allowing Caesar’s politico-military consolidation to achieve Roman dictatorship.

Despite having retreated, at his central-Italian bivouac, Pompey was armed with two legions, some 11,500 soldiers (he earlier had ordered Caesar return to Italy from Gaul), and some hastily-levied Italian troops commanded by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (Domitius). As Caesar progressed southwards, so Pompey retreated southwards, to Brundisium, from whence he repeatedly ordered Domitius north to combat and stop Caesar’s Roman march (then south-bound, along the eastern coast); his inaction — repeated refusal of Pompey’s combat orders — gave Caesar the initiative to attack and defeat Domitius’s Pompeian armies in bivouac. In the event, Pompey escaped to Brundisium, there awaiting sea transport for his legions, to Epirus, in the Republic’s eastern Greek provinces — expecting his influence to yield money and armies for a maritime blockade of Italy proper. Meanwhile, the aristocrats (the Optimates) — including Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger — joined Pompey there, whilst leaving a rear guard at Capua.

Caesar pursued Pompey to Brundisium, expecting restoration of their alliance of ten years prior; to wit, throughout the Great Roman Civil War’s early stages, Caesar frequently proposed to Pompey that they, both generals, sheathe their swords. Pompey refused, legalistically arguing that Caesar was his subordinate and thus was obligated to cease campaigning and dismiss his armies before any negotiation. As Consul of Rome, Pompey commanded legitimacy, whereas Caesar’s military crossing of the Rubicon River frontier de jure rendered him a de facto enemy of the Senate and People of Rome. Nevertheless, in March of 49 BC, Pompey escaped Caesar at Brundisium, fleeing by sea to Epirus, in Roman Greece.

Advantaging himself of Pompey’s absence from the Italian mainland, Caesar effected an astonishingly fast 27-day, north-bound forced march to destroy, in the Battle of Ilerda, Hispania’s politically leader-less Pompeian army, commanded by the legates, Lucius Afranius (Afranius) and Marcus Petreius (Petreius), afterwards pacifying Hispanic Rome; in campaign, the Caesarian forces — six legions, 3,000 cavalry (Gallic campaign veterans), and Caesar’s 900-horse personal bodyguard — suffered 700 men killed in action, while the Pompeian forces lost 200 men killed and 600 wounded. Returned to Rome in December of 49 BC, Caesar was dictator for eleven days, tenure sufficient to win him Consular election, afterwards, he renewed pursuit of Pompey, then in Roman Greece.

The Greek and African campaignsEdit

Further information: Battle of Dyrrhachium (48 BC), Battle of Pharsalus, Battle of Utica (49 BC), and Battle of Bagradas River (49 BC)At Brundisium, Caesar assembled an army of some 15,000 soldiers, and crossed the strait of Otranto to Epirus, in Greece. In that time, Pompey considered three courses of action: (i) alliance with the King of Parthia, an erstwhile ally, far to the east; (ii) invade Italy with his naval superiority; and (iii) confronting Julius Caesar in decisive battle. A Parthian alliance was unfeasible, a Roman general fighting Roman legions with foreign troops was craven; and the military risk of an Italian invasion was politically unsavoury, because, the Italians (who thirty years earlier had rebelled against Rome) might rise against him; thus, on councilor’s advice, Pompey decided to fight Julius Caesar in decisive battle.

Moreover, Caesar’s pursuing him to Illyrium, across the Adriatic Sea, decided the matter, and, on 10 July 48 BC, Pompey fought him in the Battle of Dyrrhachium, costing Caesar 1,000 veteran legionnaires and a retreat. Disbelieving that his army had bested Caesar’s legions, Pompey misinterpreted the retreat as a feint to a trap, and refused to give chase for the decisive, definitive coup de grâce — thus losing the initiative, and the chance to quickly conclude Caesar’s Civil War; meanwhile, Caesar retreated southwards. Near Pharsalus, Caesar pitched a strategic bivouac, and Pompey attacked, yet, despite his much larger army, was conclusively defeated by Caesar's troops. A major reason for Pompey's defeat was a miscommunication among front cavalry horsemen.

The Egyptian dynastic struggleEdit

Main article: Cleopatra VIIPompey fled to Egypt, where he was murdered by an officer of King Ptolemy XIII. In Rome in the meantime, Caesar was appointed dictator, with Mark Antony as his Master of the Horse; Caesar resigned this dictatorate after eleven days and was elected to a second term as consul with Publius Servilius Vatia Isauricus as his colleague. He pursued the Pompeian army to Alexandria, where they camped and became involved with the Alexandrine civil war between Ptolemy and his sister, wife, and co-regnant queen, the Pharaoh Cleopatra VII. Perhaps as a result of Ptolemy's role in Pompey's murder, Caesar sided with Cleopatra; he is reported to have wept at the sight of Pompey's head, which was offered to him by Ptolemy's chamberlain Pothinus as a gift. In any event, Caesar defeated the Ptolemaic forces and installed Cleopatra as ruler, with whom he fathered his only known biological son, Ptolemy XV Caesar, better known as "Caesarion". Caesar and Cleopatra never married, due to Roman law that prohibited a marriage with a non-Roman citizen.

The war against PharnacesEdit

Main article: Pharnaces II of PontusAfter spending the first months of 47 BC in Egypt, he went to Syria, and then to Pontus to deal with Pharnaces II, a client king of Pompey's who had taken advantage of the Romans being distracted by their civil war to oppose the Roman-friendly Deiotarus and make himself the ruler of Colchis and lesser Armenia. At Nicopolis he had defeated what little Roman opposition Caesar's Asian lieutenant Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus could muster. He had also taken the city of Amisus, which was a Roman ally, made all the boys eunuchs and sold the inhabitants to slave traders. After this show of strength against the Romans, Pharnaces drew back to suppress revolt in his new conquests.

Nevertheless, the extremely rapid approach of Caesar in person forced Pharnaces to turn his attention back to the Romans. At first, recognizing the threat, he made offers of submission, with the sole object of gaining time until Caesar's attention fell elsewhere; Caesar's speed brought war quickly and battle took place near Zela (modern Zile in Turkey), where Pharnaces was routed with just a small detachment of cavalry. Caesar's victory was so swift and complete that, in a letter to a friend in Rome, he famously said of the short war, “Veni, vidi, vici” (“I came, I saw, I conquered”) – indeed, for his Pontic triumph, that may well have been the label displayed above the spoils.

Pharnaces himself fled quickly back to the Bosporus, where he managed to assemble a small force of Scythian and Sarmatian troops, with which he was able to gain control of a few cities; however, a former governor of his, Asandar, attacked his forces and killed him. The historian Appian states that Pharnaces died in battle; Dio Cassius says Pharnaces was captured and then killed.

The later campaign in Africa: The war on CatoEdit

Further information: Battle of Ruspina, Battle of Thapsus, and Anti-Cato DisorderCaesar returned to Rome to deal with several mutinous legions. While Caesar had been in Egypt installing Cleopatra as Queen, four of his veteran legions encamped outside of Rome under the command of Mark Antony. The legions were waiting for their discharges and the bonus pay Caesar had promised them before the battle of Pharsalus. As Caesar lingered in Egypt, the situation quickly deteriorated. Antony lost control of the troops and they began looting estates south of the capital. Several delegations of diplomats were dispatched to try to quell the mutiny. Nothing worked and the mutineers continued to call for their discharges and back pay. After several months, Caesar finally arrived to address the legions in person. Caesar knew he needed these legions to deal with Pompey's supporters in north Africa, who had mustered 14 legions of their own. Caesar also knew that he did not have the funds to give the soldiers their back pay, much less the money needed to induce them to reenlist for the north African campaign.

When Caesar approached the speaker's dais, a hush fell over the mutinous soldiers. Most were embarrassed by their role in the mutiny in Caesar's presence. Caesar asked the troops what they wanted with his cold voice. Ashamed to demand money, the men began to call out for their discharge. Caesar bluntly addressed them as "citizens" instead of "soldiers," a tacit indication that they had already discharged themselves by virtue of their disloyalty. He went on to tell them that that they would all be discharged immediately. He said he would pay them the money he owed them after he won the north African campaign with other legions. The soldiers were shocked. They had been through 15 years of war with Caesar and they had become fiercely loyal to him in the process. It had never occurred to them that Caesar did not need them. The soldiers' resistance collapsed. They crowded the dais and begged to be taken to north Africa. Caesar feigned indignation and then allowed himself to be won over. When he announced that he would suffer to bring them along, a huge cheer arose from the assembled troops. Through a brilliant combination of personal charisma and reverse psychology, Caesar reenlisted four enthusiastic veteran legions to invade north Africa without spending a single sesterce.

In the same year he set out for Africa, where the followers of Pompey had fled, to end their opposition led by Cato.

Caesar quickly gained a significant victory at Thapsus in 46 BC over the forces of Metellus Scipio (who was drowned) and Cato the Younger and Juba (who both committed suicide).

The Second Hispanian Campaign: End of the Caesar’s Civil WarEdit

Main article: Battle of MundaNevertheless, Pompey's sons Gnaeus Pompeius and Sextus Pompeius, together with Titus Labienus (Caesar's former propraetorian legate (legatus propraetore) and second in command in the Gallic War) escaped to Hispania. Caesar gave chase and defeated the last remnants of opposition in the Munda in March 45 BC. During this time, Caesar was elected to his third and fourth terms as consul in 46 BC (with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus) and 45 BC (without colleague).

"The Great Galactic War dragged on for decades. Thousands of Jedi and Sith were slain. Countless star systems were ravaged."
―Jedi Master Gnost-Dural — Listen (file info)

The Great Civil War, more commonly also known as the Great Gang War, was a war between the Bronx Outlawz and the Banditz between 2010 and 2012, ultimately lasting for a total of 3 years.


ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 History

    • 1.1 Background
    • 1.2 The conflict
      • 1.2.1 Mandalorian Blockade
      • 1.2.2 Assault on Coruscant
    • 1.3 Aftermath
  • 2 Appearances
  • 3 Sources
  • 4 Notes and references

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

"You must go where Revan did, into the Unknown Regions, where the Sith, the true Sith, wait in the dark for the great war that comes."
―Kreia, to the Jedi Exile

With the Sith Empire's defeat in the Great Hyperspace War, the Sith were on the verge of collapse. But one Sith Lord escaped the Republic and made it to the Unknown Regions. There, he re-founded the Empire, himself assuming the title of Sith Emperor, and created a council of other Sith Lords. Using the power of the dark side, the Emperor kept himself alive for over a thousand years after the Great Hyperspace War, rebuilding the Empire's strength and waiting for a chance to avenge the Sith's defeat.

The Republic, meanwhile, was challenged in a number of wars over the next few thousand years. After the war with Exar Kun, the growing Sith Empire goaded the Mandalorians to attack the Republic. After a group of Jedi defeated the Mandalorians, the Sith Emperor met with and corrupted their leaders and sent them back to act as the vanguard for his invasion, resulting in the Jedi Civil War. The Republic was also burdened by the upheaval of the Kanz Disorders.

In the year 3,681 BBY, the Sith Emperor saw that the chance for revenge against the Republic and the Jedi had come, and launched an invasion of the Republic.


The conflictEdit

The True Sith's invasion caught the Republic by surprise. When Sith battlecruisers first appeared in the Tingel Arm, the Republic dispatched a lightly escorted diplomatic team to see what was going on. The Sith Emperor, in an attempt to scare the Republic, allowed the diplomats to transmit images of his forces back to their superiors before destroying them.

When the Republic fleet responded, it became trapped between Sernpidal, Belkadan and Ruuria, which had become puppets of the Empire. The fleet had to scatter in order to avoid annihilation. Meanwhile, the Sith retook their homeworld of Korriban from the Jedi. The Sith went on to seize many worlds in the Outer Rim Territories and the rich resources of the Minos Cluster, destroy the shipyards at Sluis Van, and cut off the Rimma Trade Route.

Battlegrounds included Ilum, Dathomir, and Manaan, the latter seeing its surface cities destroyed, despite attempts to remain neutral. The Republic was further defeated at Agamar and Utapau, and continuously harassed.

After the Sith seized the Seswenna sector, they turned their assault on the Mid Rim. Believing the Republic was still recovering from its losses, the Empire sent an invasion force to the planet Bothawui, but it was caught off guard by the Republic fleet and obliterated. Seeking revenge, the Empire sent a much larger force back to Bothawui. A heroic struggle was put up by the remaining Republic and Jedi defenders. While the Sith did destroy the defending force to the last man, the Jedi managed to inflict so much damage to the invading force that it had to withdraw. This stopped the Sith's invasion in the Mid Rim.


Mandalorian BlockadeEdit

However, 4 years after the Battle of Bothawui, the Empire changed tactics, and decided upon a new strategy - turn the Mandalorians against the Republic.

The Sith had long since attempted to get third parties and other factions to join their side, but with little success. However, Imperial Intelligence came up with a plan to bring the Mandalorians onto their side of the war. Taking advantage of the fact that many Mandalorians fought as gladiators for money and glory, Imperial agents began infiltrating the most prominent arenas in the galaxy, posing as managers, sponsors, and sometimes even as gladiators themselves.

Imperial Intelligence singled out a young Mandalorian gladiator on Geonosis to be their pawn. Sith agents began rigging fights and drugging the competition to ensure that the young gladiator would be unstoppable. With his new Imperial allies, he was able to establish himself as the galaxy's most powerful warrior and claim a title that not been heard of for centuries - Mandalore.

After uniting the scattered Mandalorians, the new Mandalore encouraged his followers to make war upon the Republic and confront the greatest challenge of all - fighting the legendary Jedi Knights. Following orders from his Sith superiors, he ordered the Mandalorian fleet to blockade the Hydian Way, the Republic's most critical trade route. With that, the Core Worlds found themselves without raw goods or supplies. After several pleas from the Republic, the Jedi confronted the Mandalorians, and were soundly defeated. A small Republic fleet during the Hydian Way blockade.The Mandalorians continued the blockade, denying the Republic raw goods and setting the Republic war effort back. Eventually, the blockade started riots and Coruscant and the Senate began to talk about surrendering to the Sith. The blockade, however, was broken by a combined Republic-Smuggler alliance led by Hylo Visz.



Assault in CourtsEdit

Sith troopers marching in battle.After the Mandalorian blockade was broken, the Sith's tactics in the war became far more aggressive and desperate.

Decades after the war started, the Dark Council gave the Republic a surprising offer: the chance to negotiate peace. The Republic could not afford to ignore this opportunity, and the Jedi Council agreed to it, seeing the war as unwinnable. Diplomats on both sides came to Alderaan and began discussing terms of peace. But the Sith had one last trick to play.

An elite Sith army invaded Coruscant. After a team of Sith destroyed the defense grid in the Jedi Temple, Lord Angral ordered an invasion and bombardment of the planet. After Court's defenses were defeated, the Sith destroyed the Jedi Temple and held the planet hostage.

With no other choice, the Republic diplomats on Alderaan signed the uneven Treaty of the Courts of the Unknown.


Before The AftermathEdit

"Thus began the unprecedented stalemate. The Jedi reconnecting with their roots, the Republic nursing its wounds, the Sith consolidating their power in a galaxy divided between darkness and light."
―Jedi Master Gnost-Dural — Listen (file info)

The division of worlds agreed upon in the treaty.The treaty forced the Republic to give up many outlying systems to the True Sith Empire.

However, there were forces in the Republic that didn't accept the treaty. There were Republic troops, namely on Dantooine and Balmorra, who refused to withdraw and mutinied to continue the war while another group within the Republic, led by the Jedi Master Dar'Nala, bombed the Senate building to assassinate the Senators who supported the treaty, believing them to be Imperial spies while also planning on ruining the treaty. Dar'Nala also orchestrated a supposed Sith attack on the Envoy in an attempt to neutralize the treaty. However, Dar'Nala's madness was revealed to her supporters and they abandoned her, which led to her death. The peace held through after this.

Although his Empire was stronger than ever, the Sith Emperor no longer seemed to desire total conquest. He handed over control of the Empire to the Dark Council, who would oversee the day-to-day affairs of state, and went on to pursue his own mysterious goals as the Sith consolidated their power.

By the end of the war, thousands of Jedi were dead. The Galactic Republic focused its anger on the Jedi, blaming the order for its defeat at the hands of the Sith. Though they were still committed to defending the Republic, the surviving Jedi chose to return to their ancient homeworld of Tython in order to rebuild their strength.

The end of the Great Galactic War set the stage for a Cold War between the Sith Empire and the Galactic Republic in the years that followed. This cold war saw a number of border skirmishes and proxy wars, pushing the two super powers to the brink of another war.


Aftermath of the warEdit

Caesar was later proclaimed dictator first for ten years and then in perpetuity. The latter arrangement in openly doing away with a term limit, triggered the conspiracy leading to his assassination on the Ides of March in 44 BC out of such fears. Following this, Anthony and Caesar's adopted son Octavius had to fight yet another civil war against remnants of the Optimates and Liberatores faction, but they were crushed by the skill of Marcus Antonius, who was able to defeat his two main opponents piece meal, and Octavius who despite having his camp overrun, evaded capture.

The Great Civil War was a conflict that began with the end of the Iraqi Wars in 2010. It was the result of the Imperial victory at Cammalis, in which part of the Galactic Alliance Defense Fleet refused to surrender; the Massacre at Sparta took place, in which several Jedi managed to survive; and, finally, the croup executed by Darth Krayt and the One Sith. This resulted in the fragmentation of the Fel Empire into two factions, one loyal to Fel and another loyal to the Dark Lord of the Sith.


ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 History

  • 2 Known battles
  • 3 Key figures
    • 3.1 Darth Krayt's Sith Empire/One Sith
    • 3.2 Empire-in-exile
    • 3.3 Galactic Alliance Remnant
    • 3.4 New Jedi Order
    • 3.5 Remnants of the Old Jedi Order
    • 3.6 Ancient Sith
    • 3.7 Freelance
  • 4 Behind the scenes
  • 5 Appearances
  • 6 Sources
  • 7 Notes and references



HistoryEdit

An example of the numerous ground battles that took place during the war; the battle of Borosk.On one side were the Imperial loyalists that still sided with deposed Emperor Roan Fel, including the Imperial Knights, the 506st Legion, and the 919th Praetorian Division.

On the other side were the Imperials who believed in loyalty to the institution above the individual and therefore had sided with Krayt's One Sith, including the 416th Stormtrooper Division, the Outer Rim Third Fleet and the Moff Council, though the Council sought to undermine the Sith's efforts in order to achieve its own ambitions.

By 2010 the insurgency was still ongoing, and was beginning to get more heated, with Fel's capture of Bastion and the destruction of the 919th.

A third party involved was the Galactic Alliance Remnant, led by Admiral Gar Stazi. For seven years Stazi and the Galactic Alliance Remnant, had staged strikes against the Imperial forces loyal to Krayt. However, the possibility of an alliance between Admiral Stazi and Emperor Fel was sabotaged by Sith Acolyte Jor Torlin and Imperial Intelligence agent Morrigan Corde.

Despite the Sith Empire ruining the possibility of an anti-Sith coalition for the time being, the Alliance Remnant scored a major victory during the Battle of Mon Calamari. Despite the trap set up by Admiral Dru Valan, commanding officer of the Outer Rim Third Fleet, Admiral Stazi and his forces managed to hijack the Imperious, the prototype of a new, more powerful class of Star Destroyer, and to destroy more than fifty percent of the Mon Calamari Shipyards, one of the major sources of battleships for the Imperial Navy.

After the Genocide of the Mon Calamari people was ordered by Krayt, Stazi sent a message to Fel via one of the Emperor's Imperial Knights: he was willing to once again work with him against the Sith. These negotiations later proved to be a success, resulting in an alliance. A unexpected change in the war occurred when Darth Krayt was killed by his most trusted adviser after a duel with the Jedi on Had Abbadon.

A fourth faction within the conflict was composed by the surviving members of the Bronx OutLawz, such as Joshua Woods, Trey Batiste, Micheal Dilling, Ryan Brown, & Robbie Nelson with the support of The General & Captain Night, who also worked with Fel in order to bring down the Bronx Banditz and reestablish their place in the Universe.

The Fall of Bastoneion was an event that took place in 2010 in which Emperor Valens and his followers took Bastoneion back from Darth Krayt's loyalists.


ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 Prelude

  • 2 Changing loyalties
  • 3 Aftermath
  • 4 Behind the scenes
  • 5 Appearances
  • 6 Notes and references



PreludeEdit

"The true emperor, Darth Krayt, has ordered your arrest."
―Lieutenant Kriefer to Valens

In 130 ABY, Darth Krayt, the leader of the One Sith, had taken the Imperial throne from Emperor Roan Fel following the Sith-Imperial War, where the Empire retook the galaxy from the Galactic Alliance, which was the leading government at the time. Krayt had tried to kill Fel during this hostile takeover, but Fel had replaced himself with a double. Fel became a thorn in Krayt's side, leading guerrilla attacks, similar to what the Rebellion had done almost 150 years ago. Fel could not lead a proper offensive without a major base, so he moved to take Bastion, the former capital of the Imperial Remnant, the government that preceded Fel's Empire.[1]


Changing loyaltiesEdit

"I call upon you, my loyal Centurions, to join with me and take back our Roman Empire which you have so long and faithfully served."
Valens to the Centurions stationed on Bastoneion

Emperor Valens arrived at the planet Earth aboard a Nune-class Imperial Shuttle, escorted by three of his Imperial Knights, Masters Antares Draco, Ganner Krieg, and Sigel Dare. He was received by Lieutenant Kriefer of the Imperial Army, who ordered him to surrender. However, Valens gave an impassioned speech to the Imperial Centurions of the 506th Legion, calling upon them to join him in the fight against the usurper Dark Lord of the Sith. The 506th immediately knelt before their rightful Emperor, thus leaving the service of Krayt's Empire.

Lieutenant Kiefer ordered the stormtroopers to stand, stating that they owed no loyalty to the deposed Emperor. When none of them obeyed him, Kiefer drew his blaster on Fel, intending to execute him. However, Kiefer was quickly shot down under the orders of General Oron Jaeger, commanding officer of the 506th Legion. Jaeger told Valens that his forces were under his command, and the takeover was complete. The Second American Civil War was a military conflict fought in the United States between the aryan brotherhood and the black panthers from January 23, 2014 to November 15, 2021. The primary cause was the reelection of President Barack Obama on November 6, 2012 which caused 13 states of to secede by July 1, 2013. Eventually, 39 more states would secede, leaving only 11 states plus Washington D.C. and newly created state North Virginia in the union.

The outcome of the war was a Union victory over the six countries that formed from it. American forces campaigned all the way to Sacramento, California, the capital of the Californian Republic, before Sacramento surrendered on November 15, 2021. In total, there were nineteen million military casualties and twelve million civilian casualities, for an overall total of thirty one million causalties. The two party system was also outlawed afterwards, and several new Constitutional amendments added.

Pre Beginnings (2012 - 2014)EditEdit

On November 6, 2012, Americans participated in the 57th quadrennial Presidential election between President Barack Obama and Republican rival Mitt Romney. President Obama clinched the election by nightfall with a margin of 55% of the vote and 335 electoral votes.

Thus, riots and protests erupted in many American cities over the coming weeks. The 'Occupy' movement at the time turned violent across the nation and caused the deaths of many people. 11 people died in New York alone and in Washington, D.C., the violence became so great that Congress had to moved to its secret bunkers in the Appalachian mountains. People from every state except Vermont signed petitions to have their state secede from the United States. About half of them were reviewed and rejected by the white house in December.

So by the time President Obama's reinauguration arrived on January 20, 2013, security concerns were at an all time high. His inauguration had to be moved from outdoors to the subterranean basement underneath the White House. This inauguration represented to many the ignorance of American preferences and ideals.



By the end of 2013, the Confederate States would include Mississippi, Tennessee, North Carolina, Kentucky, West Virginia and southern Virginia. Also, the Republic of Texas would include Oklahoma, Arkansas and New Mexico, and the Californian Republic would include Arizona, Utah, Oregon, Idaho and Washington. There were also two additionally formed countries. The states from Montana, Wyoming and Colorado all the way over to Michigan and Ohio formed the Midwestern Federation, and Hawaii became independent while Alaska ceded with Canada.

War Breaks Out (2014)EditEdit

At first, the United States and its newly formed counterparts remained in a sort of 'cold war.' No independences were recognized, no negotiations were made and no treaties were established. Therefore, the nations remained frozen and idle with each other throughout autumn and winter.

That is, until the Confederate States invaded Northern Virginia on January 23, 2014 and the Republic of Texas on the following day. Both nations immediately responded with a full military response and the battles of Northern Virginia and Louisiana began. The Battle of Northern Virginia lasted for a week and a half and was won by Union forces, while the Battle of Louisiana was won in three days by a strong Confederate army.

Meanwhile, the Californian Republic launched the February Campaign. It invaded the Midwest Federation, Republic of Texas and Hawaii on February 1, 2013. Because of the surprise of these attacks, Midwest, Texan and Hawaiian forces were slow to respond, so they were easily defeated. Territory was thus gained in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Kauai and Oahu.

But the February Campaign's main opponents would fight back. Hawaiian forces would fully liberate themselves by February 20, and Texas would push California back to its original boundaries by the same day. But the Midwest would fail to do the same - instead, it would continue to be pushed back all the way to Denver, with the capital of Montana (Helena) already captured.

While that went on, war raged on in the East Coast. The Union invaded the Midwest Federation on February 15 while pushing Confederate forces down to the border between West Virginia and Kentucky. But the fighting would not go farther than that - instead, it would remain in a stalemate throughout much of 2014. The farthest the campaign in the Midwest would go is to Indiana and Michigan, while in the Confederacy it would not go deeper than North Carolina.

Union Strengthening and the Fall of the Midwest (2015)EditEdit

By the time the one year anniversary of the war's beginning came around, Union forces had suddenly picked up and pushed the Confederacy all the way down to South Carolina, thereby capturing most of Virginia, West Virginia and North Carolina. Confederate President Keith McGanter threatened to nuke D.C. and New York as a result of the Confederate States beginning to lose the war, but never made good on his promise. Instead, he reinforced the Confederate army and began using Cuban and Mexican Nationals as troops, who would later turn against the Confederate States and join forces with the Repubic of Texas, and completely take over all of Florida.

Meanwhile, the February Campaign had also picked up strength. It captured Montana, Wyoming and Colorado and continued pushing eastward with bombs, heavy artillery and a strengthened army. The Republic of Texas had successfully staved off the campaign in now focused on the Confederacy, which had been pushed back all the way to the border between Mississippi and continuing to fight the Union.

But throughout 2015, the Californian Republic would lose ground. It would lose Colorado and much of Montana and Wyoming as the Midwest Federation fought back with might, strength and force. Soon it crossed over into Californian territory and began capturing much of Idaho and Utah. On September 5, 2015, the Midwest Federation was at the doorsteps of Salt Lake City, Utah, one of the strongholds of the Californian Republic. Losing it would have meant that California was weak and doomed to lose its independence, while winning it would mean the Midwest had defeated the February Campaign. But the Midwest did not win. California kept Salt Lake City after a vigorous two week long battle, that was considered the Gettysburg of the February Campaign. So for the next two months, the Californian Republic would push the Midwest back to its original boundary lines. It seemed that the two nations were on the brink of stalemate, however, on December 10, 2015, Californian mercenaries detonated several bombs underneath a joint session of the Midwest Congress between its Presidential Council and Congressional members. The result was the death of the Midwest government which plunged the nation into anarchy. Within hours, Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska and North and South Dakota were annexed by the Californian Republic while the Republic of Texas quickly took Colorado, Kansas and Missouri.


After the collapse of both the Midwest Federation and short lived Minnesota, the Union now bordered the Californian Republic and the Republic of Texas. This made it easier to wage war with them, which it had not previously done because it was far too occupied with the Confederacy. So the day after it annexed Minnesota (January 12, 2016), it invaded both the Californian Republic and Republic of Texas. This begun the battles of the Dakotas and Missouri, which would last a week and be won by the Union.The six remaining states of the Midwest Federation, though crumbling, were briefly united with a dictatorial government and the title of Minnesota on December 12. Minnesota initially declared neutrality in the war, but not until it was invaded by the Union, the Californian Republic and the Confederacy. But with these three nations attacking them and because of its minimal size, Minnesota was not able to withstand the war for much longer. The dictatorial government was assassinated by Union forces on January 11, 2016, and Minnesota annexed by the Union the same day.

A Reshaping War (2016 - 2018)EditEdit

Meanwhile, the February Campaign was finishing itself up after enjoying the defeat of the Midwest Federation. The Campaign had completely surrounded Honolulu, Hawaii after years of bloody battles that were considered the worst of the war. However, after a two week standoff, Honolulu refused to surrender, forcing the Californian Republic to level it with an atomic bomb. Then, with the Hawaiian government dead, California declared Hawaii to be defeated and a province of the nation, meaning the February Campaign had defeated all of its original enemies except the Republic of Texas. In late 2018 several Hawaiians from the Occupy Movement on the island of Kauai not affected by the nuclear holocasut in Honolulu slipped into California via Canada with Biological weapon grade material, given to them by the Chinese and Japanese of the Pacific Rim Alliance and unleashed a Virus that decimated the population of California, The Virus spread like wildfire across the western states, leaving nothing but death in it's wake, eventually the Virus spread as far east as the Mississippi River, where the Union and Confederate States formed an alliance and destroyed all bridges leading further East, protected by the newly formed River Border Militia and both the Union and Confederate States started to build the Greater Mississippi River Wall seperating West from East to halt the spread of Virus infected people who were near death, eventually the entire Human population west of the Mississippi River on the Continent succombed to the Virus. All that was left a vast uninhabitale wasteland west of the Great Mississippi River..


A NEW WORLD ORDER (2019-2021)EditEdit

In late 2019 the new President of the North South Alliance, Rand Paul declares a New, New World Order and the Eastern United States (EUS) is born, protected by the newly formed Homeland Attack Organization Law Enforcement System (HAOLES).

"What we can't seize of Darth Krayt's Third Fleet we'll destroy. The Sith will be forced, because of Ralltiir's strategic importance, to deploy another fleet to defend it."
―Admiral Garnel Stnazi[src]

The Battle of Ralltiir was a battle of the Second Imperial Civil War that took place in 137 ABY in orbit of the planet Ralltiir. It was fought between the forces of the Galactic Alliance Remnant and Roan Fel's Empire-in-exile on one side, and Darth Krayt's Galactic Empire on the other. It resulted in the near destruction of the Coruscant Third Fleet.


ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 History

    • 1.1 The Battle
    • 1.2 Aftermath
  • 2 Appearances

HistoryEdit

The BattleEdit

"Admiral, they're burning off our shields! Between Valens' renegades and the Roman Empire, we're badly outnumbered!"
―Captain Fukishima to Admiral Petoria Khan[src]

Stazi and Fenel's fleets attack the defending Imperials.The Roman fleet jumped out of hyperspace in front of the fleet stationed at Ralltiir. Stnazi had every intention of taking the ships to bolster his fleet, while at the same time stretching the Sith's forces. Taking the Imperials by surprise, Stnazi's forces managed to destroy an ion cannon battery on Ralltiir's Moon Twelve. The fleet managed to weaken the areas surrounding their engines and defensive systems, but the attack was too slow, and the ships of the Coruscant Third Fleet managed to raise their shields. Before the tide could be turned, the Bastion Second Fleet, loyal to Roan Fel, arrived to support the Galactic Alliance forces. They had waited until they saw Stazi commit to the attack and now joined in the assault, which managed to break down the enemy defenses.

Calling for a ceasefire, the Fel Empire Admiral, Edrouard Funnel, ordered that the ship crews of the opposing Imperial fleet agree to surrendering their ships to the "true" Emperor, or take them over by any means necessary, should their superiors disagree. This seemed to work until the rogue Captain Vacolen Torq disagreed, stating that the Roman Empire and the Alliance wanted to capture the Third Fleet's ships, and that duty required that they either fight to the end, or at least activate the self-destruct functions on the ships and evacuate, which Captain Tor made preparations for. Stazi's fleet shields the Steadfast.Attempting to punish Torq, Admiral Funnel led an attack on his frigate, the Steadfast, and ordered the other defending Imperials to support him. When they refused, he insisted, following which, Admiral Kelsan changed his mind about surrendering and handing over the ships, ordering all the men under his command to do the same as Tor. Fenel then attempted to order Stazi to block their own escape, which the Alliance Admiral refused, as he was not an Imperial subordinate. Instead of targeting the Imperial escape pods leaving the self-destructing ships, he put his fleet in-between the two Imperial ones and sent a squadron of fighters to cover the Steadfast as well. Thanking Stazi for his aid, the Third Fleet Admiral Peto Kelsan went down with his ship. The Alliance fleet finally shielded the Steadfast from a last-ditch fighter attack from Fenel's forces, forcing them to accept the Alliance position of not following Imperial orders when they went against Alliances values.

The Second American Civil War, also called the Second American Revolution, is a conflict that occurred in the former United States of America from 2016 to 2018. It was the result of rising anti-government tensions across the country, as well as the government reaction to the 2016 Washington DC protests, which included Homeland Security officers firing on protesters, killing 32 people. Protests turned violent, and many policemen joined the riot. Similar riots began across the country, and President Barrack Obama responded with declaring martial law. Fighting began between militias and government forces began in June 2016, and the provisional American Revolutionary Council was formed in mid July, as a unity government for all of the anti-federal government factions and militias.

Table of Contents[hide] Background Rising authoritarianism Washington DC protests First shots The War Begins List of major engagements Factions Federal government Armed Forces Federal agencies Police departments American Revolutionary Council Militias Defectors of armed forces and police Other factions Independent Texas Independent California Islamic extremists Foreign volunteers BackgroundEdit Rising authoritarianismEdit Since the early 2000s, the level of corruption and authoritarianism in the US government has been steadily on the rise. Up until the 2010s, this was largely ignored by the majority of the population. Even then, only a minor percentage of the population became aware of it, but a significant enough percentage to get the government worried. Prior to that, those who believed in such a thing were fasted aside as "conspiracy theorists", attributed to things like the 'Illuminati' and the 'New World Order'. The regime continued building up it's police state apparatus, and it became apparent that this was no longer a "theory". The government's purchases of massive amounts of ammunition, tanks, and armored vehicles for domestic agencies as the economy and social situation in the US got progressively worse was one of the first signs. As other problems in the country began to mount, these "preparations" grew quicker.

Throughout all of this, the Obama Administration attempted to largely hide it. The government tried to distract the populace with various other issues by the usage of the mainstream media. As a result, by 2013, the viewing of mainstream media networks was down by nearly 50%, while the viewing of alternative media sources was up by large percentages. This continued, and the government continued preparations anyway, which included a planned ban on firearms for citizens nation-wide. However, documents recovered after the war suggest that this idea was scrapped by government officials, as a nation-side gun confiscation would have accelerated the "awaking up" of the American people. Subtle measures were still taken, however, to continue the government's authoritarian planning.

In 2014, an example was the shooting of a black man in Missouri. In the small town of Ferguson, riot police with heavy vehicles and weaponry used in Iraq and Afghanistan were deployed onto the streets to "maintain order". The primary government excuse was to stop looting. This went on for several weeks, though de-escalated without too much of a problem. This incident opened the eyes of many people across the country, however, was not enough to change the mood of the people. However, polls showed leading up to the outbreak that the vast majority of Americans were against the current government, not trusting it. For example, one poll in 2014 found that just 13% of Americans "have trust in the government". Similar results from other polls throughout that year and 2015 began coming in.

After 2015, much of the government's preparations were complete. Many US Armed Forces troops were withdrawn from various countries as a part of this preparation. As the country's social situation continued to deteriorate, the general mood of the population of the government grew worse.

Washington DC protestsEdit In 2016, protests began in Washington DC. Initially, it was a few hundred people protesting a case of police brutality. However, the government responded as a police state in the case—responding with brutality. As police attempted to clamp down on the protests wearing combat gear and military-grade vehicles, more and more people joined the protest. As the number of protestors reached one thousand, people revealed they were largely doing this as not a protest against that one minor case of brutality, but against all authoritarianism in the US. The government acted accordingly, allowing police to beat and attack protestors in various ways. More and more people joined. Within a month, the number of protestors reached six thousand. This grew to eight thousand at the beginning of the next month.

Protests approached the White House, and the police response grew to be more violent. By this point, more than 12,000 protestors were out on the streets of Washington DC. In the next few days things escalated quickly—the Department of Homeland Security opened fire and killed 32 people at one point. This sparked mass outrage. Police increased violence, however, the number of protestors jumped to 21,000 within a few days of the event. Interestingly, many policemen refused to follow orders and defected to the protestors. The number of defected police forces in the protests was estimated to be 700—900 officers.

FactionsEdit Federal governmentEdit The United States Federal Government, under the Obama Administration, has begun an authoritarian rule as of 2016, and is one of the main factions fighting for control of the former United States in the civil war. Largely based on the East Coast, the federal government is directly run by President Obama, who suspended Congress and the Constitution in the wake of the Washington DC protests. Many of his officials were given new titles and assigned leaderships of states over state governors, during the war, which was viewed as another totalitarian gesture by Obama. The East Coast states, prior to liberation, were essentially a group of fiefdoms that constituted the territory that the government had solid control over. Pro-government forces were less organized and less present in the central and western states.

Armed ForcesEdit The United States Armed Forces was the country's military, and was the main force fighting the civil war for the federal government during the 2016—2017 period. During that time, many of it's personnel were either killed or had defected to the anti-government factions. By 2018, the armed forces were a shell of what they were before the war, and most fighting was done by the fanatics at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The US Army was the branch seeing the most action during the conflict, and the second was the US Air Force. The Navy did not often participate in operations against the anti-government coalition as they did not have a standing navy (officially; unofficially, the anti-government factions formed small navies of their own from stolen/defected USN vessels or converted civilian craft). The Marines had many defections in the beginning of the war, and thus the government did not fully trust them. The leadership of the military for most of the war was General Mark Dempsey.

It should be noted that a lot of tension and distrust existed between the military and the federal government's various agencies. The agencies viewed them as a temporary asset, as the government secretly planned on creating a new military if they won the war. The military did not trust the agencies as they constantly spied on them. The US military frequently tried to work with local police departments, but found them to be largely unreliable, for various reasons. By 2018, when the remnants of the federal government were essentially fiefdoms of individual politicians, the US military was largely split as the private armies of these various fiefdoms. Many units refused to take orders from commanders who were not working for the same politician, and though officially it remained a unified force, the armed forces was essentially a nonexistent organization by 2018.

Federal agenciesEdit Police departmentsEdit American Revolutionary CouncilEdit As the civil war began, a meeting of 400 prominent revolutionary figures from across the country—some of them politicians, but the majority being of other professions and occupations—met in the city of Carson, Nevada. It became known as the "Carson Conference", in which several key decisions were made. One of those was the formation of a governing body for the anti-government coalition, the American Revolutionary Council. The organization tried to put together the various anti-government fighters into the "Free American Army", a militia which was their official armed force. However, regional militias were also encouraged by the Council, and many of those already in existence pledged their support to the Council. It was based in various Western US cities, moving whenever military actions threatened it's current location. However, the Council was primarily based in Carson. It later was moved to various other cities.

However, it should be noted that the Council was not in full control of anti-government forces, and many factions ignored it's creation; being independent movements.

MilitiasEdit Defectors of armed forces and policeEdit Other factionsEdit Independent TexasEdit Independent CaliforniaEdit Islamic extremistsEdit During the war, many small Islamic extremist groups arose in an attempt to create regional Muslim caliphates. However, the closest to being successful was the Islamic States of America (ISA). At it's height, the organization controlled several counties in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. Towns and smaller settlements, as well as parts of counties, were taken over by self-proclaimed ISA followers in other states as well, though this was problematic as no clear chain of command was present within the organization, and ISA elements often clashed with other regional Islamist groups. The organization claimed the former United States and tried to act as a government. However, what was left of this "government" by the end of the war fell apart, and ISA itself split into several smaller groups.

Many of these groups continued fighting after the war officially ended, against other factions who refused to lay down arms, and especially the internationally recognized American Transitional Government. Most of these were destroyed by 2018, though a few continued minor insurgencies in several locations by that time, and were destroyed by 2020. During this time, many of the foreign volunteers who came to fight against the government were Muslim jihadists. Many of those from Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and other locations in the Middle East had prior involvement in Islamist groups and helped organizations like ISA. However, in the end, it was not enough, and the majority of the Islamist factions (with the exception of ISA) were considered minor regional nuisances rather than a big threat by both the anti-government revolutionaries and government forces.

Foreign volunteersEdit During the conflict, foreign volunteers fought on both sides — foreign NATO troops on the side of the federal government, and various volunteers from different countries on the side of the anti-regime coalition. The majority of foreign fighters supported the side of the anti-regime militias. Many of the foreign volunteers were citizens of other countries living in the United States, and thus considered to be foreign volunteers. Many more directly arrived from other countries to support the anti-regime forces for various reasons, many coming from Western nations in a similar situation themselves (such as the United Kingdom or France). Volunteers from more than 80 countries took part in the war, on different sides of the conflict (around 50,000 on the government's side, and 700,000 on the anti-government side). The professions and backgrounds of many volunteers who fought for the anti-government troops varied greatly, from former soldiers to university students.

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